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A Late Devonian plant assemblage from New South Wales, Australia: Diversity and specificity

Abstract : Gondwanan floras of Late Devonian age are poorly known. In Australia, the rare studies that have been published on Late Devonian plants are old and need reinvestigation. This paper is an account of the plant macro- and micro-remains found in the Mandowa Mudstone at Barraba, New South Wales. According to the miospores, plants are late to latest Famennian in age. The record of anatomically preserved specimens is diversified, with nine taxa assigned to the Lycopsida, Cladoxylopsida, Iridopteridales and Archaeopteridales. One specimen is referrable to the spermatophytes. Several taxa are specific to Barraba, i.e., the lycopsid genera Cymastrobus and Lycaugea, the iridopteridalean genus Keraphyton, the cladoxylopsid species Polyxylon australe, and possibly a plant represented by a large Hierogramma branch showing exarch protoxylem strands. The adpression record is dominated by axes of the cosmopolitan lycopsid genus Leptophloeum. It also includes specimens interpreted as seed plants such as a possible ovule resembling Pseudosporogonites, and two types of foliage differing by their petiole width. One of this foliage consists of delicate fronds broadly comparable to those of Cosmosperma. The closest flora from Barraba is the late Famennian–earliest Tournaisian flora of the New Albany Shale in eastern USA, suggesting floral connexion and comparable environmental conditions between Northern Gondwana and Southern Laurussia.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 11:16:35 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:31:41 PM

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Brigitte Meyer-Berthaud, Anne-Laure Decombeix, Catherine Girard, Philippe Steemans, Romain Blanchard, et al.. A Late Devonian plant assemblage from New South Wales, Australia: Diversity and specificity. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Elsevier, 2021, pp.104535. ⟨10.1016/j.revpalbo.2021.104535⟩. ⟨hal-03359263⟩

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