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Data-Driven Interpolation of Sea Surface Suspended Concentrations Derived from Ocean Colour Remote Sensing Data

Abstract : Due to complex natural and anthropogenic interconnected forcings, the dynamics of suspended sediments within the ocean water column remains difficult to understand and monitor. Numerical models still lack capabilities to account for the variabilities depicted by in situ and satellite-derived datasets. Besides, the irregular space-time sampling associated with satellite sensors make crucial the development of efficient interpolation methods. Optimal Interpolation (OI) remains the state-of-the-art approach for most operational products. Due to the large increase of both in situ and satellite measurements more and more available information is coming from in situ and satellite measurements, as well as from simulation models. The emergence of data-driven schemes as possibly relevant alternatives with increased capabilities to recover finer-scale processes. In this study, we investigate and benchmark three state-of-the-art data-driven schemes, namely an EOF-based technique, an analog data assimilation scheme, and a neural network approach, with an OI scheme. We rely on an Observing System Simulation Experiment based on high-resolution numerical simulations and simulated satellite observations using real satellite sampling patterns. The neural network approach, which relies on variational data assimilation formulation for the interpolation problem, clearly outperforms both the OI and the other data-driven schemes, both in terms of reconstruction performance and of a greater ability to recover high-frequency events. We further discuss how these results could transfer to real data, as well as to other problems beyond interpolation issues, especially short-term forecasting problems from partial satellite observations.
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Contributor : Ronan Fablet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 21, 2021 - 4:30:07 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 2:24:03 PM

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Jean-Marie Vient, Frederic Jourdin, Ronan Fablet, Baptiste Mengual, Ludivine Lafosse, et al.. Data-Driven Interpolation of Sea Surface Suspended Concentrations Derived from Ocean Colour Remote Sensing Data. Remote Sensing, MDPI, 2021, 13 (17), pp.3537. ⟨10.3390/rs13173537⟩. ⟨hal-03349910⟩

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