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Purification, Toxicity and Functional Characterization of a New Proteinaceous Mussel Biotoxin from Bizerte Lagoon

Abstract : The marine environment is known to be occupied by microorganisms. The potential toxicity of some of these marine microorganisms, that are capable of producing unknown biotoxins, has always been underestimated. Indeed, these biotoxins may be a threat to human health through the consumption of contaminated seafood and fish. For more than ten years, recurrent but atypical toxicity has been detected in mussels from Bizerte lagoon (North of Tunisia) during routine tests. In this study, we have isolated and characterized a new proteinaceous marine biotoxin, named Mussel Toxic Peptide (MTP). Using HPLC, electrophoresis and LC/MS studies, we showed that MTP has a protein characteristic UV-spectrum, can be visualized by protein specific reagents such as Coomassie, and has a molecular mass of 6.4 kDa. Patch-clamp experiments performed on cultured N18 neuroblastoma cells revealed that MTP (0.9-18 µM) markedly inhibited voltage-gated Na current, but was about 23 times less active in blocking voltage-gated K current at equimolar concentrations. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that a proteinaceous marine biotoxin with relatively high molecular mass is isolated and involved in the contamination of mussels harvested from shellfish farming areas.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 11, 2020 - 8:09:07 AM
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Riadh Marrouchi, Evelyne Benoit, Sébastien Schlumberger, Zeineb Marzougui, Jean-Pierre Le Caër, et al.. Purification, Toxicity and Functional Characterization of a New Proteinaceous Mussel Biotoxin from Bizerte Lagoon. Toxins, MDPI, 2020, 12 (E487), pp.1-14. ⟨10.3390/toxins12080487⟩. ⟨hal-02913966⟩



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