A History-Based Diagnosis Technique for Static and Dynamic Faults in SRAMs - LIRMM - Laboratoire d’Informatique, de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2008

A History-Based Diagnosis Technique for Static and Dynamic Faults in SRAMs

Abstract

The usual techniques for memory diagnosis are mainly based on signature analysis. They consist in creating a fault dictionary that is used to determine the correspondence between the signature and the fault models affecting the memory. The effectiveness of such diagnosis methods is therefore strictly related to the fault dictionary accuracy. To the best of our knowledge, most of existing signature-based diagnosis approaches targets static faults only. In this paper, we present a new diagnosis approach that represents an alternative to signature-based approaches. This new diagnosis technique, named history-based diagnosis, makes use of the effect-cause paradigm already developed for logic design diagnosis. It consists in creating a database containing the history of operations (read and write) performed on a faulty memory core-cell. This information is crucial to track the root cause of the observed faulty behavior and it can be used to generate the set of possible Fault Primitives representing the set of suspected fault models. This new diagnosis method is able to identify static as well as dynamic faults. Although applied to SRAMs in this paper, it can be effective also for other memory types such as DRAMs. Experimental results are provided to prove the efficiency of the proposed methodology in generating a list of suspected faults as well as the location of the faulty components in the memory.
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Dates and versions

lirmm-00341798 , version 1 (26-11-2008)

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Alexandre Ney, Alberto Bosio, Luigi Dilillo, Patrick Girard, Serge Pravossoudovitch, et al.. A History-Based Diagnosis Technique for Static and Dynamic Faults in SRAMs. ITC'2008: International Test Conference, Oct 2008, Santa Clara, CA, United States. pp.1-10, ⟨10.1109/TEST.2008.4700555⟩. ⟨lirmm-00341798⟩
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