https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-00736522Adler, IsoldeIsoldeAdlerUiB - Department of Informatics [Bergen] - UiB - University of BergenDorn, FredericFredericDornUiB - Department of Informatics [Bergen] - UiB - University of BergenFomin, Fedor V.Fedor V.FominUiB - Department of Informatics [Bergen] - UiB - University of BergenSau Valls, IgnasiIgnasiSau VallsALGCO - Algorithmes, Graphes et Combinatoire - LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de MicroÃ©lectronique de Montpellier - UM - UniversitÃ© de Montpellier - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche ScientifiqueThilikos, Dimitrios M.Dimitrios M.ThilikosDI NKUA - Department of Informatics and Telecomunications [Kapodistrian Univ] - NKUA - National and Kapodistrian University of AthensFaster parameterized algorithms for minor containmentHAL CCSD2011[INFO.INFO-DM] Computer Science [cs]/Discrete Mathematics [cs.DM]Sau, Ignasi2012-09-28 13:11:552022-08-05 15:02:532012-10-04 14:54:36enJournal articles1The theory of Graph Minors by Robertson and Seymour is one of the deepest and significant theories in modern Combinatorics. This theory has also a strong impact on the recent development of Algorithms, and several areas, like Parameterized Complexity, have roots in Graph Minors. Until very recently it was a common belief that Graph Minors Theory is mainly of theoretical importance. However, it appears that many deep results from Robertson and Seymour's theory can be also used in the design of practical algorithms. Minor containment testing is one of algorithmically most important and technical parts of the theory, and minor containment in graphs of bounded branchwidth is a basic ingredient of this algorithm. In order to implement minor containment testing on graphs of bounded branchwidth, Hicks [NETWORKS 04] described an algorithm, that in time $\mathcal{O}(3^{k^2}\cdot (h+k-1)!\cdot m)$ decides if a graph G with m edges and branchwidth k, contains a fixed graph H on h vertices as a minor. That algorithm follows the ideas introduced by Robertson and Seymour in [J'CTSB 95]. In this work we improve the dependence on k of Hicks' result by showing that checking if H is a minor of G can be done in time $\mathcal{O}(2^{(2k +1 )\cdot \log k} \cdot h^{2k} \cdot 2^{2h^2} \cdot m)$. Our approach is based on a combinatorial object called rooted packing, which captures the properties of the potential models of subgraphs of H that we seek in our dynamic programming algorithm. This formulation with rooted packings allows us to speed up the algorithm when G is embedded in a fixed surface, obtaining the first single-exponential algorithm for minor containment testing. Namely, it runs in time $2^{\mathcal{O}(k)} \cdot h^{2k} \cdot 2^{\mathcal{O}(h)} \cdot n$, with n=|V(G)|. Finally, we show that slight modifications of our algorithm permit to solve some related problems within the same time bounds, like induced minor or contraction minor containment.