The difference between electrical microstimulation and direct electrical stimulation – towards new opportunities for innovative functional brain mapping?

Abstract : Both electrical microstimulation (EMS) and direct electrical stimulation (DES) of the brain are used to perform functional brain mapping. EMS is applied to animal fundamental neuroscience experiments, whereas DES is performed in the operating theatre on neurosurgery patients. The objective of the present review was to shed new light on electrical stimulation techniques in brain mapping by comparing EMS and DES. There is much controversy as to whether the use of DES during wideawake surgery is the ‘gold standard’ for studying the brain function. As part of this debate, it is sometimes wrongly assumed that EMS and DES induce similar effects in the nervous tissues and have comparable behavioural consequences. In fact, the respective stimulation parameters in EMS and DES are clearly different. More surprisingly, there is no solid biophysical rationale for setting the stimulation parameters in EMS and DES; this may be due to historical, methodological and technical constraints that have limited the experimental protocols and prompted the use of empirical methods. In contrast, the gap between EMS and DES highlights the potential for new experimental paradigms in electrical stimulation for functional brain mapping. In view of this gap and recent technical developments in stimulator design, it may now be time to move towards alternative, innovative protocols based on the functional stimulation of peripheral nerves for which a more solid theoretical grounding exists).
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-01237972
Contributeur : Marion Vincent <>
Soumis le : vendredi 4 décembre 2015 - 09:52:33
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 16:37:40

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Marion Vincent, Olivier Rossel, Mitsuhiro Hayashibe, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau, et al.. The difference between electrical microstimulation and direct electrical stimulation – towards new opportunities for innovative functional brain mapping?. Reviews in the Neurosciences, Walter de Gruyter, 2016, 27 (3), pp.231-258. 〈http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/revneuro.2016.27.issue-3/revneuro-2015-0029/revneuro-2015-0029.xml?rskey=FbnF3X&result=1〉. 〈10.1515/revneuro-2015-0029〉. 〈lirmm-01237972〉

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