Ergonomics of the control by a quadriplegic of hand functions

Wafa Tigra 1, 2 Christine Azevedo Coste 2 Charles Fattal 3 David Guiraud 2
2 DEMAR - Artificial movement and gait restoration
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : In subjects with complete Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) above C7, the four limbs are paralyzed (quadriplegia). Recovery of grasping movements is then reported as a priority. Indeed, most activities of daily living are achieved through upper limbs. Thus, restoration of hand and forearm active mobility could significantly increase independence and quality of life of these people and decrease their need of human aid. Although most of the subjects plebiscite pharmacological or biological solutions, only orthotics and Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) allow, so far, to restore hand movements but they are rarely used. Limited ergonomics and comfort of piloting modes could partly explain the low usage of these systems. In this context, our aim is to explore possible solutions for subjects to interact with such devices. In this article, we propose to evaluate the capacity of active upper limb muscles contraction to be used to intuitively control FES in tetraplegic subjects. In this study, we assessed the ability to gradually contract different muscles: trapezius, deltoid, platysma and biceps. Three subjects with C6 to C7 neurological levels of lesion were included. We show that over the active upper limb muscles tested, contraction of the trapezius muscle was considered by the subjects as the most comfortable and could be employed as an intuitive mode of control of functional assistive devices.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
NER: Neural Engineering, Apr 2015, Montpellier, France. Neural Engineering (NER), 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on, pp.759-762, 2015, 〈10.1109/NER.2015.7146734〉
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Wafa Tigra, Christine Azevedo Coste, Charles Fattal, David Guiraud. Ergonomics of the control by a quadriplegic of hand functions. NER: Neural Engineering, Apr 2015, Montpellier, France. Neural Engineering (NER), 2015 7th International IEEE/EMBS Conference on, pp.759-762, 2015, 〈10.1109/NER.2015.7146734〉. 〈lirmm-01276002〉

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