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Validation of lower limb segmental volumetry with hand-held, self-positioning three-dimensional laser scanner against water displacement

Abstract : Background
Measurement of limb volume is helpful for the evaluation and follow-up of edema, especially in patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) or lymphedema. Water displacement (WD) is the reference method for limb volumetry but is not really suitable for clinical routine. Indirect volumetry based on circumference measurements as well as the more expansive but automatic optoelectronic techniques do not allow detailed measurement at the extremity of the limb.
Methods
We used a self-positioning laser scanner with dynamic referencing for acquisition and real-time three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the lower limb volume in 30 patients with CVI, 30 patients with lymphedema, and 30 healthy controls. Two independent observers performed either one or two laser scans, whose results were tested for intra- and interobserver reproducibility and compared with WD volumetry by Lin's concordance correlation coefficient and Bland and Altman graphic analysis.
Results
Automatic volume calculation from 3D laser scanning data failed in one patient with major lymphedema. Lin's concordance correlation coefficient was 0.99 and 0.98, respectively, for intraobserver no. 1 and no. 2, 0.98 for interobserver reproducibility, and 0.98 and 0.96, respectively, for observer no. 1 and observer no. 2 vs WD comparison. The 3D laser scanning yielded 1.99% precision. Accuracy was 3.12% for observer no. 1 and 2.71% for observer no. 2, laser scanning values being 90 mL higher than WD, which could be attributed to the different posture during measurement.
Conclusions
Three-dimensional laser scanning is accurate and reproducible, and appears suitable for the evaluation of limb volume in patients with CVI or lymphedema.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-01596152
Contributor : Jean Triboulet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 27, 2017 - 12:18:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 23, 2020 - 12:00:00 PM

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Sandrine Mestre, Florent Veye, Antonia Perez-Martin, Thomas Behar, Jean Triboulet, et al.. Validation of lower limb segmental volumetry with hand-held, self-positioning three-dimensional laser scanner against water displacement. Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders, Elsevier Inc., 2014, pp.1. ⟨10.1016/j.jvsv.2013.08.002⟩. ⟨lirmm-01596152⟩

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