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Relevance of selective neural stimulation with a multicontact cuff electrode using multicriteria analysis

Mélissa Dali 1 Lucie William 1 Wafa Tigra 1 Hubert Taillades 2 Olivier Rossel 1 Christine Azevedo Coste 1 David Guiraud 1
1 CAMIN - Control of Artificial Movement and Intuitive Neuroprosthesis
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : Neural multicontact cuff electrodes have the potential to activate selectively different groups of muscles and offer more possibilities of electrical configurations compared to whole ring cuffs. Several previous studies explored multicontact electrodes with a limited set of configu- rations which were sorted using a selectivity index only. The objective of the present study is to classify a larger number of configurations, i.e. the way the current is spread over the 12 contacts of the cuff electrode, using additional criteria such as robustness (i.e. ability to maintain selectivity within a range of current amplitudes) and efficiency (i.e. electrical con- sumption of the considered multipolar configuration versus the electrical consumption of the reference whole-ring configuration). Experiments were performed on the sciatic nerve of 4 rabbits. Results indicated that the optimal configuration depends on the weights applied to selectivity, robustness and efficiency criteria. Tripolar transverse is the most robust configu- ration and the less efficient, whereas tripolar longitudinal ring is efficient but not robust. New configurations issued from a previous theoretical study we carried out such as steering cur- rent ring appears as good compromise between the 3 criteria.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 2, 2019 - 9:29:41 PM
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Mélissa Dali, Lucie William, Wafa Tigra, Hubert Taillades, Olivier Rossel, et al.. Relevance of selective neural stimulation with a multicontact cuff electrode using multicriteria analysis. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (7), pp.e0219079. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0219079⟩. ⟨lirmm-02171464⟩

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