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Conference Papers Year : 2019

Dual parameterization of Weighted Coloring

Abstract

Given a graph G, a proper k-coloring of G is a partition c = (S i) i∈[1,k] of V (G) into k stable sets S 1 ,. .. , S k. Given a weight function w : V (G) → R + , the weight of a color S i is defined as w(i) = max v∈Si w(v) and the weight of a coloring c as w(c) = k i=1 w(i). Guan and Zhu [Inf. Process. Lett., 1997] defined the weighted chromatic number of a pair (G, w), denoted by σ(G, w), as the minimum weight of a proper coloring of G. The problem of determining σ(G, w) has received considerable attention during the last years, and has been proved to be notoriously hard: for instance, it is NP-hard on split graphs, unsolvable on n-vertex trees in time n o(log n) unless the ETH fails, and W[1]-hard on forests parameterized by the size of a largest tree. In this article we provide some positive results for the problem, by considering its so-called dual parameterization: given a vertex-weighted graph (G, w) and an integer k, the question is whether σ(G, w) ≤ v∈V (G) w(v) − k. We prove that this problem is FPT by providing an algorithm running in time 9 k · n O(1) , and it is easy to see that no algorithm in time 2 o(k) · n O(1) exists under the ETH. On the other hand, we present a kernel with at most (2 k−1 + 1)(k − 1) vertices, and we rule out the existence of polynomial kernels unless NP ⊆ coNP/poly, even on split graphs with only two different weights. Finally, we identify some classes of graphs on which the problem admits a polynomial kernel, in particular interval graphs and subclasses of split graphs, and in the latter case we present lower bounds on the degrees of the polynomials.
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lirmm-02410739 , version 1 (13-12-2019)

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Julio Araujo, Victor Campos, Carlos Vinícius G. C. Lima, Vinicius Fernandes dos Santos, Ignasi Sau, et al.. Dual parameterization of Weighted Coloring. IPEC 2018 - 13th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation, Aug 2018, Helsinki, Finland. pp.12:1--12:14, ⟨10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2018.12⟩. ⟨lirmm-02410739⟩
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