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Journal Articles Journal of Healthcare Engineering Year : 2021

Sequential Pattern Mining to Predict Medical In-Hospital Mortality from Administrative Data: Application to Acute Coronary Syndrome

Abstract

Prediction of a medical outcome based on a trajectory of care has generated a lot of interest in medical research. In sequence prediction modeling, models based on machine learning (ML) techniques have proven their efficiency compared to other models. In addition, reducing model complexity is a challenge. Solutions have been proposed by introducing pattern mining techniques. Based on these results, we developed a new method to extract sets of relevant event sequences for medical events' prediction, applied to predict the risk of inhospital mortality in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). From the French Hospital Discharge Database, we mined sequential patterns. ey were further integrated into several predictive models using a text string distance to measure the similarity between patients' patterns of care. We computed combinations of similarity measurements and ML models commonly used. A Support Vector Machine model coupled with edit-based distance appeared as the most effective model. We obtained good results in terms of discrimination with the receiver operating characteristic curve scores ranging from 0.71 to 0.99 with a good overall accuracy. We demonstrated the interest of sequential patterns for event prediction. is could be a first step to a decision-support tool for the prevention of in-hospital death by ACS.
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lirmm-03482191 , version 1 (15-12-2021)

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Jessica Pinaire, Etienne Chabert, Jérôme Azé, Sandra Bringay, Paul Landais. Sequential Pattern Mining to Predict Medical In-Hospital Mortality from Administrative Data: Application to Acute Coronary Syndrome. Journal of Healthcare Engineering, 2021, 2021, pp.#5531807. ⟨10.1155/2021/5531807⟩. ⟨lirmm-03482191⟩
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