Indexation et apprentissage de termes et de relations à partir de comptes rendus de radiologie

Lionel Ramadier 1
1 TEXTE - Exploration et exploitation de données textuelles
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : In the medical field, the computerization of health professions and development of the personal medical file (DMP) results in a fast increase in the volume of medical digital information. The need to convert and manipulate all this information in a structured form is a major challenge. This is the starting point for the development of appropriate tools where the methods from the natural language processing (NLP) seem well suited.The work of this thesis are within the field of analysis of medical documents and address the issue of representation of biomedical information (especially the radiology area) and its access. We propose to build a knowledge base dedicated to radiology within a general knowledge base (lexical-semantic network JeuxDeMots). We show the interest of the hypothesis of no separation between different types of knowledge through a document analysis. This hypothesis is that the use of general knowledge, in addition to those specialties, significantly improves the analysis of medical documents.At the level of lexical-semantic network, manual and automated addition of meta information on annotations (frequency information, pertinence, etc.) is particularly useful. This network combines weight and annotations on typed relationships between terms and concepts as well as an inference mechanism which aims to improve quality and network coverage. We describe how from semantic information in the network, it is possible to define an increase in gross index built for each records to improve information retrieval. We present then a method of extracting semantic relationships between terms or concepts. This extraction is performed using lexical patterns to which we added semantic constraints.The results show that the hypothesis of no separation between different types of knowledge to improve the relevance of indexing. The index increase results in an improved return while semantic constraints improve the accuracy of the relationship extraction.
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Lionel Ramadier. Indexation et apprentissage de termes et de relations à partir de comptes rendus de radiologie. Intelligence artificielle [cs.AI]. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONTT298⟩. ⟨tel-01479769v2⟩

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