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Analysis of offset and noise in CMOS piezoresistive sensors using a magnetometer as a case study

Norbert Dumas 1 Laurent Latorre 1 Pascal Nouet 1
1 SysMIC - Conception et Test de Systèmes MICroélectroniques
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : In this paper, the use of piezoresistive CMOS beams is addressed with a particular focus on offset and noise rejection problems in a Wheatstone bridge. Using a test-chip (a magnetometer), the mismatch between resistors (on the substrate) and gauges (suspended) is experimentally studied. Both thermal and mechanical causes are analyzed and modelled. As a result, it appears that 80% of the offset has thermal origin and is predictable during the design. Other contributors are residual stress resulting from the MEMS releasing process and standard CMOS spreading. Statistical study on about 60 samples tends to demonstrate that uncertainties on the offset only depend on CMOS scatterings. Because mismatch in the Wheatstone bridge causes both offset and poor PSRR, it is necessary to overcome this problem. Two mismatch cancellation techniques are finally reported. The first one is based on the use of a dummy structure that embeds the reference resistor. The second one implements a feedback circuitry to balance the Wheatstone bridge through its biasing.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-00128253
Contributor : Pascal Nouet <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 31, 2007 - 2:08:54 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 24, 2018 - 3:59:24 PM

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Norbert Dumas, Laurent Latorre, Pascal Nouet. Analysis of offset and noise in CMOS piezoresistive sensors using a magnetometer as a case study. Sensors and Actuators A: Physical , Elsevier, 2006, 132 (1), pp.14-20. ⟨10.1016/j.sna.2006.06.063⟩. ⟨lirmm-00128253⟩

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