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Conference Papers Year : 2007

Mechanical Design of a New Pneumatically Driven Underactuated Hand


This paper presents a new pneumatically driven underactuated hand with two fingers and 3 phalanxes per finger. Two evidences have led the design of this hand. Firstly, the use of pneumatic energy facilitates the underactuation of the hand, indeed a single T-connector suffices to share out one input among two outputs. Secondly, non-backdrivable mechanisms have to be used in the transmission of phalanx's motion so that the hand is capable of producing form-closed grasps. This latter design principle is justified using a newly developed method that permits to study the form-closure property of a grasp exerted by an underactuated hand. Moreover, the intriguing ejection phenomenon is avoided thanks to non-backdrivable mechanisms that prohibit any backward motion of phalanxes when correctly positioned. An original mechanism called the "pneumatic parallelogram" is described, it enables the hand to perform fine pinch grasps. Finally, the optimal design of both fingers is addressed with respect to the force-isotropy of the finger and the positiveness of phalanx forces.


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lirmm-00189382 , version 1 (22-09-2022)



Vincent Begoc, Sébastien Krut, Etienne Dombre, Claude Durand, François Pierrot. Mechanical Design of a New Pneumatically Driven Underactuated Hand. ICRA 2007 - International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Apr 2007, Roma, Italy. pp.927-933, ⟨10.1109/ROBOT.2007.363104⟩. ⟨lirmm-00189382⟩
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