Abstract : Partial constraint satisfaction  was widely studied in the 90's, and notably Max-CSP solving algorithms [21, 20, 1, 10]. These algorithms compute a lower bound of violated constraints without using propagation. Therefore, recent methods focus on the exploitation of propagation mechanisms to improve the solving process. Soft arc-consistency algorithms [11, 18, 19] propagate inconsistency counters through domains. Another technique consists of using constraint propagation to identify conflict-sets which are pairwise disjoint ; the number of conflict-sets extracted leads to a lower bound. In this paper, we place this technique in a more general context. We show this technique reduces to a polynomial case of the NP-Complete Hitting Set problem. Conflict-sets are chosen disjoint to compute the lower bound polynomially. We present a new polynomial case where the conflict-sets share some constraints, and a third case which is not polynomial but such that the cardinality of the Hitting Set can be reasonably under estimated. For each one we provide the algorithm and a schema to generate incrementally the conflict-set collection. We show its extension to weighted CSPs.