Discovering Significant Evolution Patterns from Satelllite Image Time Series

François Petitjean 1 Florent Masseglia 2, * Pierre Gancarski 1 Germain Forestier 1
* Auteur correspondant
2 ZENITH - Scientific Data Management
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : Satellite Image Time Series (SITS) provide us with precious information on land cover evolution. By studying these series of images we can both understand the changes of specific areas and discover global phenomena that spread over larger areas. Changes that can occur throughout the sensing time can spread over very long periods and may have different start time and end time depending on the location, which complicates the mining and the analysis of series of images. This work focuses on frequent sequential pattern mining (FSPM) methods, since this family of methods fits the above-mentioned issues. This family of methods consists of finding the most frequent evolution behaviors, and is actually able to extract long-term changes as well as short term ones, whenever the change may start and end. However, applying FSPM methods to SITS implies confronting two main challenges, related to the characteristics of SITS and the domain's constraints. First, satellite images associate multiple measures with a single pixel (the radiometric levels of different wavelengths corresponding to infra-red, red, etc.), which makes the search space multi-dimensional and thus requires specific mining algorithms. Furthermore, the non evolving regions, which are the vast majority and overwhelm the evolving ones, challenge the discovery of these patterns. }{We propose a SITS mining framework that enables discovery of these patterns despite these constraints and characteristics. Our proposal is inspired from FSPM and provides a relevant visualization principle. Experiments carried out on 35~images sensed over 20~years show the proposed approach makes it possible to extract relevant evolution behaviors.
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International Journal of Neural Systems, World Scientific Publishing, 2011, 21 (6), pp.15
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François Petitjean, Florent Masseglia, Pierre Gancarski, Germain Forestier. Discovering Significant Evolution Patterns from Satelllite Image Time Series. International Journal of Neural Systems, World Scientific Publishing, 2011, 21 (6), pp.15. 〈lirmm-00639480〉

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