Design and evaluation of an actuated knee implant for postoperative ligament imbalance correction

Abstract : In Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA), the collateral ligament tensioning stage cannot be standardised for all patients and relies heavily on the surgeon's experience and perception. Intraoperative inaccuracies are practically unavoidable and may give rise to severe postoperative complications, leading to the need for revision surgery already a few years after primary TKA. This work proposes a novel instrumented tibial component able to detect collateral ligament laxity conditions right after primary TKA and, if needed, to compensate for them in the postoperative period. A miniaturised actuation system, designed to be embedded in the tibial baseplate, was initially evaluated by means of 3D simulations and then fabricated as a full-scale prototype. Stability and force sensors tests carried out on a knee simulator allowed to assess the effectiveness of the proposed design under normal working conditions and provided valuable insights for future work and improvements.
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Article dans une revue
Medical Engineering and Physics, Elsevier, 2016, 38 (4), pp.326-332. 〈10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.01.002〉
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-01348647
Contributeur : Isabelle Gouat <>
Soumis le : lundi 25 juillet 2016 - 13:27:43
Dernière modification le : mardi 16 janvier 2018 - 15:54:18

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Andrea Collo, Shaban Almouahed, Philippe Poignet, Chafiaa Hamitouche, Eric Stindel. Design and evaluation of an actuated knee implant for postoperative ligament imbalance correction. Medical Engineering and Physics, Elsevier, 2016, 38 (4), pp.326-332. 〈10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.01.002〉. 〈lirmm-01348647〉

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