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QAMR: an Approximation-Based FullyReliable TMR Alternative for Area Overhead Reduction

Bastien Deveautour 1 Marcello Traiola 1 Arnaud Virazel 1 Patrick Girard 1
1 TEST - TEST
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : In the last decade, Approximate Computing has become a trend topic for several error tolerant applications. In this context, the use of such paradigm for reducing the area and power cost of conventional fault tolerant schemes (i.e. Triple Modular Redundancy) has been investigated recently. Unfortunately, existing solutions cannot ensure the same level of reliability compared to conventional TMR. In this paper, we propose a novel fully robust approximation-based solution suitable for safety-critical applications that can reduce the cost compared to conventional TMR structures. This solution is based on the use of four approximate modules with an overall smaller area overhead compared to a TMR made of three precise modules. The main constraint is that, for a given output of the precise module, at least three approximate modules (among four) can feed the voter with the same output. In order to build our Quadruple Approximate Modular Redundancy (QAMR) structure, we use a simple and random process whose goal is to remove different outputs with the corresponding fan-in logic from each approximate module in such a way that the above constraint is satisfied. The majority voter and its mode of operation remains the same as in the TMR. To validate our approach, we conducted experiments and results demonstrate that it is possible to achieve the fault tolerance of a full TMR approach while reducing the area overhead up to 24.28%.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-03035640
Contributor : Isabelle Gouat <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 12:00:51 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 7:28:05 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 3, 2021 - 7:06:01 PM

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Bastien Deveautour, Marcello Traiola, Arnaud Virazel, Patrick Girard. QAMR: an Approximation-Based FullyReliable TMR Alternative for Area Overhead Reduction. IEEE European Test Symposium (ETS), May 2020, Tallinn, Estonia. pp.1-6, ⟨10.1109/ETS48528.2020.9131574⟩. ⟨lirmm-03035640⟩

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