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Interfacing the Neural System to Restore Deficient Functions: From Theoretical Studies to Neuroprothesis Design

David Guiraud 1, *
* Corresponding author
1 DEMAR - Artificial movement and gait restoration
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : Electrical stimulation is a valuable technical solution to treat severe deficiencies related to nervous system. It is particularly interesting when no medical treatment exists as for cardiac deficiencies, deafness, blindness or complete paralysis. However, activating excitable cells such as neurons or muscle fibers to recover functions remains a difficult scientific and technological challenge. Indeed, both the function to restore and the way to activate selectively the desired target are not fully understood. The article describes how both theoretical studies based on experiments, and technological developments based on electrophysiology knowledge may help in the development of highly effective solutions. Existing systems such as pacemakers and cochlear implants proved that the recovered functions are of great quality leading to increase of quality of life and autonomy of the patients. However, the challenge for movement restoration is still in front of researchers, developers and clinical teams. The described method is the way we choose to face fundamental and tremendous scientific questions in order to provide disabled people with extended autonomy.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-00657208
Contributor : David Guiraud <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 6, 2012 - 9:20:05 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:15:17 PM

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David Guiraud. Interfacing the Neural System to Restore Deficient Functions: From Theoretical Studies to Neuroprothesis Design. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Elsevier Masson, 2012, 335 (1), pp.1-8. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2011.10.006⟩. ⟨lirmm-00657208⟩

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