Instance Guaranteed Ratio on Greedy Heuristic for Genome Scaffolding

Clément Dallard 1 Mathias Weller 2, 3 Annie Chateau 3 Rodolphe Giroudeau 1
1 MAORE - Méthodes Algorithmes pour l'Ordonnancement et les Réseaux
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
3 MAB - Méthodes et Algorithmes pour la Bioinformatique
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier
Abstract : The Scaffolding problem in bioinformatics, aims to complete the contig assembly process by determining the relative position and orientation of these contigs. Modeled as a combinatorial optimization problem in a graph named scaffold graph, this problem is NP-hard and its exact resolution is generally impossible on large instances. Hence, heuristics like polynomial-time approximation algorithms remain the only possibility to propose a solution. In general, even in the case where we know a constant guaranteed approximation ratio, it is impossible to know if the solution proposed by the algorithm is close to the optimal, or close to the bound defined by this ratio. In this paper we present a measure, associated to a greedy algorithm, determining an upper bound on the score of the optimal solution. This measure, depending on the instance, guarantees a – non constant – ratio for the greedy algorithm on this instance. We prove that this measure is a fine upper bound on optimal score, we perform experiments on real instances and show that the greedy algorithm yields near from optimal solutions.
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Conference papers
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-01378584
Contributor : Rodolphe Giroudeau <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 10, 2016 - 2:28:39 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 10, 2019 - 4:51:12 PM

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Clément Dallard, Mathias Weller, Annie Chateau, Rodolphe Giroudeau. Instance Guaranteed Ratio on Greedy Heuristic for Genome Scaffolding. COCOA: Conference on Combinatorial Optimization and Applications, Dec 2016, Hong Kong, China. pp.294-308, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-48749-6_22⟩. ⟨lirmm-01378584⟩

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