Impact of direct epispinal stimulation on bladder and bowel functions in pigs: A feasibility study

Abstract : Aims: This study assesses the potential of epispinal (subdural) stimulation application in the treatment of urinary and bowel neurological disorders. Acute experiments were performed on a large animal model — the domestic pig — to develop a new methodology facilitating future results and technology transfers to human. Methods: After rectal and bladder catheterization, four Landrace pigs (45-50 kg) underwent spinal cord surgery— that is, lumbosacral incision, laminectomy [L4-S4], dural opening and microsurgical arachnoid dissection. Three successive electrical stimulation sessions were carried out: 1) nerve roots stimulation, 2) epispinal stimulation with a matrix electrode, 3) epispinal stimulation with a small diameter needle electrode. Changes in rectal and bladder pressures were monitored throughout the various procedures to identify spinal areas inducing responseswhile evaluating the influence of electrode contacts size in the measured responses amplitudes. Results: Aninteresting areawas identified in the upper portion of the spinal myelomeres (ie, spinal cord segment delimited by two successive pairs of spinal roots) directly adjoining root with best pressures (either rectal or vesical). Significant responses (up to 40 cmH2O) were also obtained with a needle electrode. Furthermore, bowel evacuation was triggered in one of the animals. Despite the use of smaller electrode contacts, no detrusor or rectum selective responses were observed in none of the sessions. Conclusion: This study showed, for the first time, that epispinal stimulation causes significant detrusor and rectal responses in pigs and allows considering further studies with the objective of treating urinary and rectal disorders in spinal cord injury patients.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-01539038
Contributeur : Thomas Guiho <>
Soumis le : mercredi 14 juin 2017 - 12:26:43
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 janvier 2018 - 11:02:37

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Thomas Guiho, Claire Delleci, Christine Azevedo Coste, Charles Fattal, David Guiraud, et al.. Impact of direct epispinal stimulation on bladder and bowel functions in pigs: A feasibility study. Neurourology and Urodynamics, Wiley, 2017, 〈10.1002/nau.23325〉. 〈lirmm-01539038〉

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