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Investigation of the efficiency of the shape of chopped pulses using earthworm model

Mélissa Dali 1 Thomas Guiho 1 Paweł Maciejasz 2 Olivier Rossel 1 David Guiraud 1 
1 CAMIN - Control of Artificial Movement and Intuitive Neuroprosthesis
LIRMM - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : In neural electrical stimulation, limiting the charge delivered during a stimulus pulse is essential to avoid nerve tissue damage and to save power. Previous experimental and modeling studies indicated that waveforms such as non-rectangular continuous pulses or rectangular chopped pulse were able to improve stimulation efficiency. The goal of this study is to evaluate if non-rectangular chopped pulses such as quarter sine and ramp are more charge efficient than rectangular chopped pulse. We performed in vivo study on 17 lumbricus terrestris and compared the charge per stimulating phase needed to activate lateral giant fibers (LGF) and medial giant fiber (MGF) using chopped non-rectangular pulses and rectangular pulse, varying stimulation duration parameters. Results indicated that non rectangular chopped pulses activated MGF and LGF with less charge than rectangular chopped pulses. For MGF (respectively LGF), the gain of charge was up to 33.9\% (resp. 17.8\%) using chopped ramp, and up to 22.8\% (resp. 18.1\%) using chopped quarter sine.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 17, 2018 - 5:21:17 PM
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Mélissa Dali, Thomas Guiho, Paweł Maciejasz, Olivier Rossel, David Guiraud. Investigation of the efficiency of the shape of chopped pulses using earthworm model. EMBC: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Jul 2018, Honolulu, United States. pp.5483-5486, ⟨10.1109/EMBC.2018.8513642⟩. ⟨lirmm-01958158⟩



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