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Quantitative assessment of near-infrared spectroscopy time course under hypercapnia using an a priori model-based fitting

Abstract : Background: Partial arterial pressure of carbon dioxide (CO2) modulates cerebral blood flow through a vasoreactivity mechanism. Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can be used to record these changes in cerebral hemodynamics. However, no laterality comparison of the NIRS signal has been performed despite being a prerequisite for the use of such a method in a vasoreactivity monitoring context. We propose to investigate the NIRS signal laterality in response to a CO2-inhalation-based hypercapnia paradigm in healthy volunteers. Methods: Eleven healthy volunteers (6 women, 5 men, mean age: 31 ± 11) underwent a 3-block-design inhalation paradigm: normoxia (5min, "baseline") - hypercapnia (2min, "stimulation") - normoxia (5min, "post-stimulation"). NIRS signal was measured using a two-channel oximeter (INVOS 5100C, Medtronic, USA) with sensors placed symmetrically on both left and right sides on each subject's forehead. Additional heart rate (HR) monitoring was performed simultaneously. Based on the NIRS mean signal pattern, an a priori model of parametric identification was applied for each channel to quantify parameters of interest (amplitude, time delay, excitation and post-stimulation time) for each inhalation block. Results: HR increased significantly during the stimulation block. The quality of the model was satisfactory: mean absolute errors between modeled and experimental signals were lower than the resolution of the device. No significant lateralization was found between left and right values of most of the parameters. Conclusion: Due to the lack of lateralization, this parametric identification of NIRS responses to hypercapnia could bring light to a potential asymmetry and be used as a biomarker in patients with cerebrovascular diseases.
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https://hal-lirmm.ccsd.cnrs.fr/lirmm-02470184
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Submitted on : Friday, February 7, 2020 - 10:05:52 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 5, 2022 - 10:34:48 AM

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Victor Vagné, Emmanuelle Le Bars, Jeremy Deverdun, Olivier Rossel, Stéphane Perrey, et al.. Quantitative assessment of near-infrared spectroscopy time course under hypercapnia using an a priori model-based fitting. Computers in Biology and Medicine, Elsevier, 2020, pp.103638. ⟨10.1016/j.compbiomed.2020.103638⟩. ⟨lirmm-02470184⟩

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