FPT algorithms for packing k-safe spanning rooted sub(di)graphs - LIRMM - Laboratoire d’Informatique, de Robotique et de Microélectronique de Montpellier Access content directly
Journal Articles Discrete Applied Mathematics Year : 2024

FPT algorithms for packing k-safe spanning rooted sub(di)graphs

Abstract

We study three problems introduced by Bang-Jensen and Yeo [Theor. Comput. Sci. 2015] and by Bang-Jensen, Havet, and Yeo [Discret. Appl. Math. 2016] about finding disjoint "balanced" spanning rooted substructures in graphs and digraphs, which generalize classic packing problems such as detecting the existence of mutiple arc-disjoint spanning arborescences. Namely, given a positive integer k, a digraph D = (V, A), and a root r ∈ V , we first consider the problem of finding two arc-disjoint k-safe spanning r-arborescences, meaning arborescences rooted at a vertex r such that deleting any arc rv and every vertex in the sub-arborescence rooted at v leaves at least k vertices. Then, we consider the problem of finding two arc-disjoint (r, k)-flow branchings meaning arc sets admitting a flow that distributes one unit from r to every other vertex while respecting a capacity limit of n-k on every arc. We show that both these problems are FPT with parameter k, improving on existing XP algorithms. The latter of these results answers a question of Bang-Jensen, Havet, and Yeo [Discret. Appl. Math. 2016]. Further, given a positive integer k, a graph G = (V, E), and r ∈ V , we consider the problem of finding two edge-disjoint (r, k)-safe spanning trees meaning spanning trees such that the component containing r has size at least k when deleting any vertex different from r. We show that this problem is also FPT with parameter k, again improving on a previous XP algorithm. Our main technical contribution is to prove that the existence of such spanning substructures is equivalent to the existence of substructures with size and maximum (out-)degree both bounded by a (linear or quadratic) function of k, which may be of independent interest.
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Dates and versions

lirmm-04352990 , version 1 (19-12-2023)

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Stéphane Bessy, Florian Hörsch, Ana Karolinna Maia, Dieter Rautenbach, Ignasi Sau. FPT algorithms for packing k-safe spanning rooted sub(di)graphs. Discrete Applied Mathematics, 2024, 346, pp.80-94. ⟨10.1016/j.dam.2023.11.026⟩. ⟨lirmm-04352990⟩
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